( ABOUT ME ~ ! )

My name is Noora Abd rahman and Im

seventeen years old . Iwas in ALBateen

private school . MY hobbies are swimming

and watching Korean Drama . My future

plans are to improve my writing in English ,

and my speaking skills . I want to study

business and be a successful women in the future .




Michacel Curry and April Bignataro got married in a fish tank

at atlantis marine park aquarium in NewYork june 7 2010 .

Using radio hand set, Michacel and April exchange vows with frineds

and family on Sunday . April joked by saying that : it will began

ae a traditional wedding , but will get a little weird . Her perents

said : she is a unique girl . For Example ,she want to be an

auto mechanic when she was younger . The couple said : they

did not expect so much attention from the media . April said :

" The most difficult part was convicing her mom ! " .




Lizzie Velaquse is on of only three people in the world who has

a rare disease that keeps her from gaining weight .

lizzie is - 20-years old, blind in one eye and has never weighed more than

60 pounds (28kg) . Lizzie was so small when she was born - 21

pounds - ( 1lbs) ( 1kg) - that her parents had to dress her in doll clothes .

Lizzie ‘s life has been difficult . People often stare at her and

say mean things . However ,her parents always treated as a normal child .

Her mother kept a diary of lizzie ‘s life and all the difficulties she‘s survived .

Today lizzie is a healty person and travels around the country telling her story

and inspiring people with her courage to be a normal person .




Osteoarthritis is a serious bone disease . The effects of this disease are

hardly noticed , and when it develops it becomes painful .

Osteoarthritis does not have a cure, but if you want to reduce the pain

you should have a special diet and special food . this disease is common

between the overweight people .



( RECORDING 1 - 3 )


1.1 A woman named Kate Mori lives with her husband Masao

in Canada. Kate is a kindergarten teacher, and she speaks

English and French. Kate also studies Japanese and art

history at night school. Kate and her husband like to go to

art galleries. She also plays tennis and goes skating on the canal.


1.2 Kate just got married to Masao, who is Japanese. She wants to learn

Japanese to be able to speak with his family. Masao tried to help her,

but she cannot concentrate at home.


1.3 Kamal studying chemistry at university. He take Spanish

lessons twice a week, also Spanish his hobby. Sun-Hi is

learning English because she need it for her occupation.


It is about a girl who loves motorbikes and she want to learn how to ride it.

At first it was hard then it became easy and she feels that she is free

when she ride the motorbike.


It is about a person who is an archaeologist and in the same time a

student , because she is still doing a doctorate in archaeology.


It is about a person who is looking for work in certain areas . She has

a lot of experience in sales , administration and she has a certificate

in food safety for catering.

( story summary )



A1 - The disease diabetes affects how the body uses glucose .

glucose is the main type of sugar in our blood . It comes from

certain foods .The people who have diabetes their bodies does

not produce insulin . As a result , their blood glucouse levels

become too high . Diabetics need treatment to protect their

blood glucose level .

A2 - there are two types of diabetes . In type 1 diabetes that

the body cannot produce any insulin and it usually appears

before age 40 . It cane treated by insulin injections and a

change of diet . Type 2 diabetes that the body can't produce

enough insulin and it more common than type 1 & 95 percent

of people have develop type 2 .

B1 - There are 2 types of diabetes the first type called

"adult onset diabetes , because it often affects people

over 35 years of age . on the other hand type 2 diabetes

can affect young people .

B2 - women during pregnancy and child birth have an uncreased

risk of getting type 2 diabetes . that type of is called " gestational diabetes .

c5 - people who are overweight have type 2 diabetes , it's because

too much fat that makes it difficult for the insulin to respond . They can

void that by a little exercise and lack of activity reduce .

c6 - They are two main reason for diabetes . The first one is lifestyle

disease and the second reason is genetic cause which is more common .

scientists believe that the genetic link is probably . stronger in type 2

diabetes than in type 1 .

d.7-Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can take along time to become noticed .

And the common warning signs are :

*increased tiredness

*an increased need to use the bathroom because the kidneys

are trying to get rid of the glucose .

*increased thirst resulting in .

*unexplained weight loss .

*increased hunger .

*blurred vision .

d.8-People with type 2 diabetes probably have high blood pressure and notall type 2 diabetes

people develops these symptoms , and not everyone who has these symptoms have it . Only a doctor can tell .

E.9- It is important to treat type 2 diabetes as early as possible because it can lead to

greater risk of heart disease and blindness and some other diseases .

E.10 -People with type 2 diabetes should eat healthy diet . Exercise causes your muscles

to use up more glucose , which lowers the blood sugar levels , but the measures alone

may not be enough to lower the blood glucose levels , so the doctors prescibe medication

to help the body produce more insulin .



In may 19. 2010 , a bus driver was driving down the road at

night when he saw a baby sitting in the middle of the road .

At first , he thought it was a dog . However he couldn't believe

his eyes when he stopped the bus , got out and saw a young girl .

A few seconds later the baby‘s father came running out of the house ,

picked up and ran back to the house without saying anything to

the bus driver . The girl is two years old "desting flores" , her

mother hidei who is 25 years say that she has now idea how

destiny got out of the house perhaps she didn't lock the door and

the little girl went outside now, the police are questioning the mother .



( MAN HIT BY BUS !! ~ )

A shocking video shows a young man named Shawn Mills being hit head on by a car .

He was thrown 15 feet (5 meters ) in the air and landed on the top of the car and then

under a bus. He had very series back , head and legs injuries. Incredibly, however,

he lives, but he does not remember anything. Shawn was lucky because people stopped

immediately to help him. His lawyer is trying to get money from the city because the

bus should not drop people on this kind of road. It is very dangerous. Shawn is in a

lot of pain, but he is recovering.



(Diabetes 2 ! )

1.Type 2 diabetes is a genetic disease so there a possibility that your daughter could develop
diabetes, and it usually doesn’t occur until age 40.You can change your child’s genetic by
sitting a role in her life by exercise and plan for an outdoor activities, and there are
suggestions for after school activities such as increase your knowledge about fast food and
look for food choices that are lower in fat. At least make an appointment with a dictation and
take your daughter and the advice you receive will be useful for both of you.
2. People with diabetes should get advice from a dietitian to organize the patient’s lifestyle.
Each advice depends on which type of diabetes, weight and activity levels.
3. People with diabetes can eat desserts and sweets but in a balanced ways .

(Peas in a man!!)

A man named Ron Sveden became ill after a plant grew in one of his lungs.
Apparently ,Ron inhaled a pea while eating dinner one day. The result was
that the pea grew into plant inside his lung, which collapsed. Doctors were
afraid it was something serious like cancer, but after they did tests they
realized what appends Ron was coughing a lot , but he was happy to learn
that it was not serious. In fact, he first meal in the hospital included peas after
they removed the plant.


( Relative clauses sentences)

I have a friend who has red hair .

ZU is the university that was opened in 1998 .

Abu Dhabi , which is the capital of UAE , is a very pretty city .

Titmice, which had hidden in the leafy shade of mountains all summer, perched on the gutter.

There is one thing stronger than all the armies in the world, and that is an idea whose time has come .


Public Information sheet – what is botulism ?

What does botulism mean?

botulism is a muscle-paralyzing disease . It is happened because a toxin (venom)

that made by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum . also the bacteria always not

Dangerous except infants and some people.

There are three main types of botulism :

. the first type of botulism is by eating foods containthe toxin.

. infant botulism that is caused by bacteria when babiesnot have enough

bacteria in their stomachs to stop toxins developing.

.injure botulism occurs when you have injures with abacteria which causes toxin .

How is botulism spread?

Botulism does not spread from person to person , butfrom botulism food . The bacteria will

occur when there is no oxygen present inthe food so we should heat the food before we

eat it to kill the bacteria. However , infants can get food botulism also by eating

food which containbacteria.

What are the symptoms ?

According to the reading , wound botulism and foodborne can produce the symptoms.

It include blurred, dry mouth , difficulty swallowing , muscle weakness and paralysis.

Some people can’t breathe because of this disease. It is unfortunate that it may cause death.

How son do symptoms appear after exposure ?

The symptoms for food borne botulism appear after 12 to 36 hours .In fact botulism

symptoms appear between 3 and 30 days after ingestion of the bacteria .But symptoms

appear in wound botulism between 4 and 14 days .after exposure to the bacteria .

How is botulism diagnosed?

The patient who may have botulism should get special tests because there are

many diseases that have the same symptoms of botulism.

How is botulism treated ?

Botulism can be deadly if not treated . you can treat botulism by anti – toxin that

can decrease the symptoms of the illness . Anti – toxin is not allowed in cases of

infant botulism .

What foods can lead to botulism ?

Botulism are often connected with home - canned foods that have a low acid content ,

such as green deans and corn ,atc . But it usually occurred from unusual sources like

garlic in oil and also honey can contain botulism bacteria .

How can botulism be prevented ?

People who do home canning should be clean and follow strict hygiene procedures .

To reduce contamination of food . They should but the food in high temperatures

to destroy the botulism toxin . And the people who eat home canned food should

boiled it for 10 min before eating it .


( Text - p 50 )

1_ People with back problems have rising numbers in recent years. Studies show

that Britain , at least 5.5 million are people re-examined by doctors annually.

Some of cases can become more serious.

2_ According to study showed that an estimated one in four people over the age

of 65 have back pain While it is not common between young people.

3_ We need to know why most people have problem with their back. Also we

all have 33 small bones that are called vertebrae.

4_ There are two main causes of this disease .The first cause that a disc is

damaged in some way . And the most common cause when the muscles are

strained . It happens if you do a hard activity or something like that . Also ,

stress and tension can increase the amount of pain .

5_ The main cause of back pain is our inactive modern lifestyles . the best

solution for back pain is keeping active , and doing exercise . For example ,

people who are physically fit generally get less back pain and cure faster if

they do get.

6_ A lot of people think that when you are having a back pain you should rest

on your bed , but it is not true. In fact, back care said that you should keep

moving and cotinue your normal activities is the best course. But , if your

back did not get batter you should visit the doctor.



( Bus Driver ! ! )

A 40-year-old bus driver in Oregon was caught reading a kindle while driving a bus

full of passengers during rush-hour on a I-5, which is a major highway. A passenger

used a cell phone to secretly film Lahcan Qouchbane. Passengers were shocked to

see reading while driving. Some passenger called the company to complain. When

Qouchbane reading while driving. When realized he was filmed, he told the passenger

that electronic devices are not allowed on a bus! The driver got in trouble but was not afired.


( Diabetes )

Diabetes is serious disease which effects the body’s. Glucose is main source of energy and sugar in the blood. We get glucose from starchy foods like potatoes, rice, bread and sweets. However, the body needs insulin to produce glucose in order to go into the cells. Diabetes do not produce insulin. Consequently, their glucose levels become dangerously low (Reading). This creates many health problems. In this essay I will discuss some of the causes and effects of diabetes. [transition signals\ citation]

There are a number of causes of diabetes. First, there are two kinds of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. For example, Type 2 diabetes, whichis the most common type and called ‘adult onsetdiabetes’, is a result of people’s lifestyle(Reading).For instance,many people who arefat develop diabetes because they do not exercise, and it is difficult for their bodies’ cell to produce insulin.Furthermore,many of these overweight people live in rich countries (Reading).Second, some women can get Type 2 diabetes from pregnancy and childbirth if the babies weight more than 4.1 kilos when they are born. This is called “gestational diabetes” (Reading).Third,there are some genetic cause for Type 1 and 2. For instance, 45% to 80% of people with Type 2 have parents that have the same problem.Actually, Type 2 has stronger genetic factor than Type 1 (Reading).

Diabetes has many negative effects on the body.First of all, people with Type 2 diabetes often do not even know they have because the symptoms are not clear. For example, people may be tired, thirsty, hungry and have to go to the bathroom a lot because the person’s kidneys are trying to get rid of the glucose. However,they lose too much water and the body does not get enough nutrition (Reading). Second, people with diabetes can have problems with their vision and high blood pressure, which is very dangerous (Reading). Third, if it is left untreated, diabetes can lead to very serious health problems such as kidney damage and heart disease, which kills many people (Reading).

To conclude,there are several causes ofdiabetes.For example,type 2 diabetes is the most common and is caused by poor lifestyle choices such as eating habits and lack of exercise. Furthermore,pregnant women and genetic factors are also causes of diabetes.As a result, diabetes has serious medical consequences.For instance,people often feel tired, thirsty, hungry, and they must go to the bathroom often. Also, without medical attention, diabetes may result in vision problems, kidney damage and heart disease. Finally,I hope that scientists find a cure for this terrible disease in the future.